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About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 25

“The metaphor of growth begins in the “kindergarten” and continues into “higher” education, diverting attention from the contingencies responsible for changes in the students’ behavior.” (pp. 203-204)
 

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By |August 11th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 25|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 24

“[Teaching] is a field in which the goal seems to be obviously a matter of changing minds, attitudes, feelings, motives, and so on, and the Establishment is therefore particularly resistant to change. Yet, the point of education can be stated in behavioral terms: a teacher arranges contingencies under which the student acquires behavior which […]

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By |August 10th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 24|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 23

“One person changes the behavior of another by changing the world in which he lives. In doing so, he no doubt changes what the other person feels or introspectively observes.” (p. 199)
 

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By |August 9th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 23|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 22

“The Greek gods were said to change behavior by giving men and women mental states, such as pride, mental confusion, or courage, but no one has been successful in doing so since.” (p. 199)
 

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By |August 8th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 22|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 21

“One person manages another in the sense in which he manages himself. He does not do so by changing feelings or states of mind.” (p. 199)
 

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By |August 7th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 21|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 20

“As in other sciences, we often lack the information necessary for prediction and control and must be satisfied with interpretation, but our interpretations will have the support of the prediction and control which have been possible under other conditions.” (p. 194)
 

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By |August 4th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 20|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 19

“. . . our knowledge of another person is limited by accessibility, not by the nature of the facts. We cannot know all there is to know, as we cannot know all we should like to know about the worlds of physics and biology, but that does not mean that what remains unknown is […]

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By |August 3rd, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 19|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 18

“The meaning of an expression is different for speaker and listener; the meaning for the speaker must be sought in the circumstances under which he emits the verbal response and for the listener in the response he makes to a verbal stimulus.” (p.191)
 

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By |August 2nd, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 18|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 17

“. . . one person does not make direct contact with the inside of another, and so-called knowledge of another is often simply an ability to predict what he will do.” (p.189)
 

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By |August 1st, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 17|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 16

“Those who seek to know themselves through an exploration of their feelings often claim an exclusive kind of knowledge . . . But it may be argued as well that only those who understand an experimental analysis and its use in interpreting human behavior can understand themselves in a scientific or technological sense.” (p. […]

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By |July 31st, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 16|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 15

“The experimental analysis of behavior, together with a special self-descriptive vocabulary derived from it, has made it possible to apply to oneself much of what has been learned about the behavior of others, including other species.” (p. 188)
 

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By |July 28th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 15|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 14

“We should not be surprised that the more we know about the behavior of others, the better we understand ourselves. It was a practical interest in the behavior of “the other one” which led to this new kind of self-knowledge.” (p. 188)
 

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By |July 27th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 14|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 13

“It is . . . important to examine the reasons for one’s own behavior as carefully as possible because they are essential . . . to good self-management.” (p. 188)
 

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By |July 26th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 13|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 12

“The shift from introspective to environmental evidence does not guarantee that self-knowledge will be accurate . . . [When evidence is sketchy,] we are likely to explain the inexplicable by attributing it to genetic endowment—asserting, “I was born that way,” or, “That’s the kind of person I am.” (p. 188)
 

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By |July 25th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 12|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 11

“As the relevance of environmental history has become clearer, . . . practical questions have begun to be asked, not about feelings and states of mind, but about the environment, and the answers are proving increasingly useful.”  (p. 188)
 

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By |July 24th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 11|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 10

“The verbal community asks, “How do you feel?” rather than, “Why do you feel that way?” because it is more likely to get an answer.” (p. 187-188)
 

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By |July 21st, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 10|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 9

“It is difficult to maintain an identity when conditions change, but a person may conceal from himself conflicting selves, possibly by ignoring or disguising one or more of them, or by branding one a stranger, as in explaining uncharacteristic behavior by saying, “I was not myself.” (p. 187)
 

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By |July 20th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 9|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 8

“Self-knowledge is of social origin, and it is useful first to the community which asks the questions. Later, it becomes important to the person himself—for example, in managing or controlling himself . . .” (p. 186)
 

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By |July 19th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 8|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 7

“All species except man behave without knowing that they do so, and presumably this was true of man until a verbal community arose to ask about behavior and thus to generate self-descriptive behavior.” (p. 186)
 

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By |July 18th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 7|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 6

“A distinction between two selves in the same skin is made when we say that a tennis player “gets mad at himself” because he misses an easy shot . . . A similar distinction is made in self-knowledge.” (p. 186)
 

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By |July 17th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 6|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 5

“A person is not an originating agent; he is a locus, a point at which many genetic and environmental conditions come together in a joint effect. As such, he remains unquestionably unique.” (p. 185)
 

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By |July 14th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 5|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 4

“The person who asserts his freedom by saying, “I determine what I shall do next,” is speaking of freedom in or from a current situation: the I who thus seems to have an option is the product of a history from which it is not free and which in fact determines what it will […]

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By |July 13th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 4|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 3

“Complex contingencies create complex repertoires, and . . . different contingencies create different persons in the same skin, of which so-called multiple personalities are only an extreme manifestation.” (pp. 184-185)
 

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By |July 12th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 3|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 2

“In a behavioral analysis a person is an organism, a member of the human species, which has acquired a repertoire of behavior. It remains an organism to the anatomist and physiologist, but it is a person to those to whom its behavior is important.” (p. 184)
 

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By |July 11th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 2|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 1

“It is often said that a science of behavior studies the human organism but neglects the person or self. What it neglect is a vestige of animism, a doctrine which in its crudest form held that the body as moved by one or more indwelling spirits.” (p. 184)
 

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By |July 10th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 11: The Self and Others, Quote 1|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 13

“The argonauts of the psyche have for centuries sailed the stormy seas of the mind, never in sight of their goal, revising their charts from time to time in the light of what seemed like new information, less and less sure of their way home, hopelessly lost. They have failed to find the Golden […]

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By |July 6th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 13|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 12

“We need to know a great deal more about complex contingencies of reinforcement, and it will always be hard to deal with that particular set to which any one person is exposed during his life, but at least we know how to go about finding out what we need to know.” (p. 182)
 

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By |July 5th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 12|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 11

“The psyche, like the mind, is a metaphor which is made plausible by the seeming relevance of what a person feels or introspectively observes but which is destined to remain forever in the depths. By contrast, the environment is usually accessible.” (p. 182)
 

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By |July 4th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 11|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 10

“The objection to the inner workings of the mind is not that they are not open to inspection but that they have stood in the way of the inspection of more important things.” (p. 182)
 

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By |July 3rd, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 10|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 9

“The extraordinary appeal of inner causes and the accompanying neglect of environmental histories and current setting must be due to more than a linguistic practice. I suggest that it has the appeal of the arcane, the occult, the hermetic, the magical—those mysteries which have held so important a position in the history of human […]

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By |June 30th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 9|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 8

“Some people may have been born cautious in the sense that they learn very quickly to move cautiously or become excessively cautious even when not excessively punished, but the behavior at issue can usually be traced to a history of punishing consequences.” (p.178)
 

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By |June 30th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 8|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 7

“We tend to make nouns of adjectives and verbs and must then find a place for the things the nouns are said to represent.” (p. 177)
 

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By |June 29th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 7|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 6

“By turning to the facts on which these expressions [about “intrapsychic life”] are based, it is usually possible to identify the contingencies of reinforcement which account for the intrapsychic activities.” (p. 170)
 

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By |June 28th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 6|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 5

“What behaviorism rejects is the unconscious as an agent, and of course it rejects the conscious mind as an agent, too.” (p. 169)
 

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By |June 27th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 5|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 4

“To increase a person’s consciousness of the external world is simply to bring him under more sensitive control of that world as a source of stimulation.” (p. 169)
 

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By |June 26th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 4|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 3

“It is often said, particularly by psychoanalysts, that behaviorism cannot deal with the unconscious. The fact is that, to begin with, it deals with nothing else. The controlling relations between behavior and genetic and environmental variables are all unconscious as long as they are not observed, and it was Freud who emphasized that they […]

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By |June 23rd, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 3|

Protected: Particulars of My Life. Part I. Section 1.

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By |June 22nd, 2017|Autobiography|Comments Off on Protected: Particulars of My Life. Part I. Section 1.|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 2

“Freud’s analysis has seemed convincing because of its universality, but it is the environmental contingencies rather than the psyche which are invariant.” (p. 167)
 

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By |June 22nd, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 2|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 1

“A self or personality is at best a repertoire of behavior imparted by an organized set of contingencies.” (p.164)
 

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By |June 21st, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 1|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 10

“How much more we should know if the prevailing contingencies had been described rather than the feelings and isms generated by them.” (p. 162)
 

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By |June 20th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 10|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 9

“The facts and laws of science are descriptions of the world—that is, of prevailing contingencies of reinforcement. They make it possible for a person to act more successfully than he could learn to do in one short lifetime or ever through direct exposure to many kinds of contingencies.” (pp. 158-159)
 

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By |June 19th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 9|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 8

“It is often said that reinforcement conveys information, but this is simply to say that it makes a response not only more probable but more probable on a specific occasion.” (p. 158)
 

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By |June 16th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 8|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 7

“In a simple sense of the word, I have understood what a person says if I can repeat it correctly. In a somewhat more complex sense, I understand it if I respond appropriately.” (p. 156)
 

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By |June 15th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 7|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 6

“Perceptual responses which clarify stimuli and resolve puzzlement may automatically reinforcing. “Getting the meaning” of a difficult passage is similar.” (p. 155)
 

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By |June 14th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 6|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 5

“The West is said to have made a fetish out of the control of nature. It is certainly not difficult to point to the unhappy consequences of many advances in science, but it is not clear how they can be corrected except through a further exercise of scientific power.” (p. 154)
 

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By |June 13th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 5|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 4

“Knowledge which permits a person to describe contingencies is quite different from the knowledge identified with the behavior shaped by the contingencies. Neither form implies the other.” (p. 153)
 

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By |June 12th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 4|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 3

“It is often useful to speak of a repertoire of behavior which, like the repertoire of a musician or a company of players, is what a person or company is capable of doing, given the right circumstances.” (p. 152)    
 

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By |June 9th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 3|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 2

“Behavior exists only when it is being executed.” (p.151)        
 

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By |June 8th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 2|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 1

“We say that a newborn baby knows how to cry, suckle, and sneeze. We say that a child knows how to walk and how to ride a tricycle. The evidence is simply that the baby and child exhibit the behavior specified. Moving from verb to noun, we say that they possess knowledge, and the […]

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By |June 7th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 1|

About Behaviorism, Chapter 8: Causes and Reasons, Quote 4

“There is no way in which a verbal description of a setting can be absolutely true . . . Absolute truth can be found, if at all, only in rules derived from rules, and here it is mere tautology.” (p. 150)
 

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By |June 6th, 2017|Skinner's Quote of the Day|Comments Off on About Behaviorism, Chapter 8: Causes and Reasons, Quote 4|