The B. F. Skinner Foundation http://www.bfskinner.org Better behavioral science for a more humane world Mon, 26 Jun 2017 05:03:20 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.8 107713756 About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 4 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/26/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-4/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/26/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-4/#respond Mon, 26 Jun 2017 05:03:20 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10390 “To increase a person’s consciousness of the external world is simply to bring him under more sensitive control of that world as a source of stimulation.” (p. 169)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 3 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/23/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-3/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/23/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-3/#respond Fri, 23 Jun 2017 05:04:39 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10388 “It is often said, particularly by psychoanalysts, that behaviorism cannot deal with the unconscious. The fact is that, to begin with, it deals with nothing else. The controlling relations between behavior and genetic and environmental variables are all unconscious as long as they are not observed, and it was Freud who emphasized that they need not be observed (that is, conscious) to be effective.” (p. 169)

 

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Protected: Particulars of My Life. Part I. Section 1. http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/22/particulars-of-my-life-part-i-section-1/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/22/particulars-of-my-life-part-i-section-1/#respond Thu, 22 Jun 2017 15:47:00 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10435

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 2 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/22/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-2/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/22/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-2/#respond Thu, 22 Jun 2017 05:09:05 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10386 “Freud’s analysis has seemed convincing because of its universality, but it is the environmental contingencies rather than the psyche which are invariant.” (p. 167)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 10: The Inner World of Motivation and Emotion, Quote 1 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/21/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-1/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/21/about-behaviorism-chapter-10-the-inner-world-of-motivation-and-emotion-quote-1/#respond Wed, 21 Jun 2017 05:06:20 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10384 “A self or personality is at best a repertoire of behavior imparted by an organized set of contingencies.” (p.164)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 10 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/20/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-10/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/20/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-10/#respond Tue, 20 Jun 2017 05:04:34 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10382 “How much more we should know if the prevailing contingencies had been described rather than the feelings and isms generated by them.” (p. 162)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 9 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/19/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-9/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/19/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-9/#respond Mon, 19 Jun 2017 05:32:14 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10380 “The facts and laws of science are descriptions of the world—that is, of prevailing contingencies of reinforcement. They make it possible for a person to act more successfully than he could learn to do in one short lifetime or ever through direct exposure to many kinds of contingencies.” (pp. 158-159)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 8 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/16/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-8/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/16/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-8/#respond Fri, 16 Jun 2017 05:25:12 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10378 “It is often said that reinforcement conveys information, but this is simply to say that it makes a response not only more probable but more probable on a specific occasion.” (p. 158)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 7 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/15/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-7/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/15/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-7/#respond Thu, 15 Jun 2017 05:03:23 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10376 “In a simple sense of the word, I have understood what a person says if I can repeat it correctly. In a somewhat more complex sense, I understand it if I respond appropriately.” (p. 156)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 6 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/14/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-6/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/14/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-6/#respond Wed, 14 Jun 2017 05:03:58 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10374 “Perceptual responses which clarify stimuli and resolve puzzlement may automatically reinforcing. “Getting the meaning” of a difficult passage is similar.” (p. 155)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 5 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/13/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-5/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/13/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-5/#respond Tue, 13 Jun 2017 05:01:08 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10372 “The West is said to have made a fetish out of the control of nature. It is certainly not difficult to point to the unhappy consequences of many advances in science, but it is not clear how they can be corrected except through a further exercise of scientific power.” (p. 154)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 4 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/12/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-4/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/12/about-behaviorism-chapter-9-knowing-quote-4/#respond Mon, 12 Jun 2017 05:06:05 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10370 “Knowledge which permits a person to describe contingencies is quite different from the knowledge identified with the behavior shaped by the contingencies. Neither form implies the other.” (p. 153)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 3 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/09/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-knowing-quote-3/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/09/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-knowing-quote-3/#respond Fri, 09 Jun 2017 05:11:44 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10325 “It is often useful to speak of a repertoire of behavior which, like the repertoire of a musician or a company of players, is what a person or company is capable of doing, given the right circumstances.” (p. 152)    

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 2 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/08/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-knowing-quote-2/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/08/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-knowing-quote-2/#respond Thu, 08 Jun 2017 05:02:53 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10323 “Behavior exists only when it is being executed.” (p.151)        

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 9: Knowing, Quote 1 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/07/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-knowing-quote-1/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/07/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-knowing-quote-1/#respond Wed, 07 Jun 2017 05:21:02 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10321 “We say that a newborn baby knows how to cry, suckle, and sneeze. We say that a child knows how to walk and how to ride a tricycle. The evidence is simply that the baby and child exhibit the behavior specified. Moving from verb to noun, we say that they possess knowledge, and the evidence is that they possess behavior.” (p.151)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 8: Causes and Reasons, Quote 4 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/06/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-4/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/06/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-4/#respond Tue, 06 Jun 2017 05:18:05 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10319 “There is no way in which a verbal description of a setting can be absolutely true . . . Absolute truth can be found, if at all, only in rules derived from rules, and here it is mere tautology.” (p. 150)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 8: Causes and Reasons, Quote 3 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/05/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-3/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/05/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-3/#respond Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:06:41 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10317 “Certainly for thousands of years people spoke grammatically without knowing that there were rules of grammar.” (p. 141)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 8: Causes and Reasons, Quote 2 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/02/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-2/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/02/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-2/#respond Fri, 02 Jun 2017 05:05:26 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10315 “We do not need to describe contingencies of reinforcement in order to be affected by them. Lower organisms presumably do not do so, nor did the human species before it acquired verbal behavior.” (p. 141)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 8: Causes and Reasons, Quote 1 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/01/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-1/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/06/01/about-behaviorism-chapter-8-causes-and-reasons-quote-1/#respond Thu, 01 Jun 2017 05:01:57 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10313 “A person who is following directions, taking advice, heeding warnings, or obeying rules or laws does not behave precisely as one who has been directly exposed to the contingencies, because description of the contingencies is never complete or exact . . .” (p. 139)

 

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About Behaviorism, Chapter 7: Thinking, Quote 16 http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/05/31/about-behaviorism-chapter-7-thinking-quote-16/ http://www.bfskinner.org/2017/05/31/about-behaviorism-chapter-7-thinking-quote-16/#respond Wed, 31 May 2017 05:09:49 +0000 http://www.bfskinner.org/?p=10309 “By attempting to move human behavior into a world of nonphysical dimensions, mentalistic or cognitive psychologists have cast the basic issues in insoluble forms.” (p. 131)

 

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