Bibliography

bibliographyDR. BURRHUS FREDERIC SKINNER

The following references are listed by year. A more complete bibliography continually updated by Nathaniel G. Smith and Edward K. Morris can be downloaded by clicking here: SmithMorrisBibliography

1930

  • On the conditions of elicitation of certain eating reflexes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1930, 16, 433-38.
  • On the inheritance of maze behavior. Journal of General Psychology, 1930, 4, 342-46.
  • The progressive increase in the geotropic response of the ant Aphaenogaster. Journal of General Psychology, 1930, 4, 102-12.

1931

  • The concept of the reflex in the description of behavior. Journal of General Psychology, 1931, 5, 427-58.

1932

  • Drive and reflex strength. Journal of General Psychology, 1932, 6, 22-37.
  • Drive and reflex strength: II. Journal of General Psychology, 1932, 6, 38-48.
  • On the rate of formation of a conditioned reflex. Journal of General Psychology, 1932, 7, 274-86.
  • A paradoxical color effect. Journal of General Psychology, 1932, 7, 481-82.

1933

  • The abolishment of a discrimination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1933, 19, 825-28.
  • The measurement of “spontaneous activity.” Journal of General Psychology, 1933, 9, 3-23.
  • On the rate of extinction of a conditioned reflex. Journal of General Psychology, 1933, 8, 114-29.
  • The rate of establishment of a discrimination. Journal of General Psychology, 1933, 9, 302-50.
  • “Resistance to extinction” in the process of conditioning. Journal of General Psychology, 1933, 9, 420-29.
  • Some conditions affecting intensity and duration thresholds in motor nerve, with reference to chronaxie of subordination. American Journal of Physiology, 1933, 106, 721-37. (with E. F. Lambert [1] & A. Forbes [3])

1934

  • A discrimination without previous conditioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1934, 20, 532-36.
  • The extinction of chained reflexes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1934, 20, 234-37.
  • Has Gertrude Stein a secret? Atlantic Monthly, January 1934, pp. 50-57.

1935

  • A discrimination based upon a change in the properties of a stimulus. Journal of General Psychology, 1935, 12, 313-36.
  • The generic nature of the concepts of stimulus and response. Journal of General Psychology, 1935, 12, 40-65.
  • Two types of conditioned reflex and pseudo type. Journal of General Psychology, 1935, 12, 66-77.

1936

  • Conditioning and extinction and their relation to drive. Journal of General Psychology, 1936, 14, 296-317.
  • The effect on the amount of conditioning of an interval of time before reinforcement. Journal of General Psychology, 1936, 14, 279-95.
  • A failure to obtain “disinhibition.” Journal of General Psychology, 1936, 14, 127-35.
  • The reinforcing effect of a differentiating stimulus. Journal of General Psychology, 1936, 14, 263-78.
  • Thirst as an arbitrary drive. Journal of General Psychology, 1936, 15, 205-10.
  • The verbal summator and a method for the study of latent speech. Journal of Psychology, 1936, 2, 71-107.

1937

  • Changes in hunger during starvation. Psychological Record, 1937, 1, 51-60. (with W. T. Heron [1])
  • The distribution of associated words. Psychological Record, 1937, 1, 71-76.
  • Effects of caffeine and benzedrine upon conditioning and extinction.
  • Psychological Record, 1937, 1, 340-46. (with W. T. Heron [2])
  • Two types of conditioned reflex: A reply to Konorski and Miller. Journal of General Psychology, 1937, 16, 272-79.

1938

  • The behavior of organisms: An experimental analysis. New York: Appleton-Century, 1938.

1939

  • The alliteration in Shakespeare’s sonnets: A study in literary behavior. Psychological Record, 1939, 3, 186-92.
  • An apparatus for the study of animal behavior. Psychological Record, 1939, 3, 166-76. (with W. T. Heron [1])
  • Some factors influencing the distribution of associated words. Psychological Record, 1939, 3, 178-84. (with S. W. Cook [1])

1940

  • A method of maintaining an arbitrary degree of hunger. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 1940, 30, 139-45.
  • The rate of extinction in maze-bright and maze-dull rats. Psychological Record, 1940, 4, 11-18. (with W. T. Heron [1])

1941

  • The psychology of design. In Art education today. New York: Bureau Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1941, pp. 1-6.
  • A quantitative estimate of certain types of sound-patterning in poetry. American Journal of Psychology, 1941, 54, 64-79.
  • Some quantitative properties of anxiety. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1941, 29, 390-400. (with W. K. Estes [1])

1942

  • The processes involved in the repeated guessing of alternatives. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1942, 30, 495-503.

1943

  • Reply to Dr. Yacorzynski. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1943, 32, 93-94.

1945

  • Baby in a box. Ladies’ Home Journal, October 1945, pp. 30-31, 135-36, 138.
  • The operational analysis of psychological terms. Psychological Review, 1945, 52, 270-77, 291-94.

1947

  • An automatic shocking-grid apparatus for continuous use. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1947, 40, 305-307. (with S. L. Campbell [2])
  • Experimental psychology. In W. Dennis et al., Current trends in psychology. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1947, pp. 16-49.

1948

  • Card-guessing experiments. American Scientist, 1948, 36, 456, 458.
  • ‘Superstition’ in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1948, 38, 168-72.
  • Walden two. New York: Macmillan, 1948.

1950

  • Are theories of learning necessary? Psychological Review, 1950, 57, 193-216.

1951

  • How to teach animals. Scientific American, 1951, 185(12), 26-29.

1953

  • Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan, 1953.
  • Some contributions of an experimental analysis of behavior to psychology as a whole. American Psychologist, 1953, 8, 69-78.

1954

  • A critique of psychoanalytic concepts and theories. Scientific Monthly, 1954, 79, 300-305.
  • The science of learning and the art of teaching. Harvard Educational Review, 1954, 24, 86-97.

1955

  • The control of human behavior. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1955, 17, 547-51.
  • Freedom and the control of men. American Scholar, Winter 1955-56, 25, 47-65.

1956

  • A case history in scientific method. American Psychologist, 1956, 11, 221-33.
  • Some issues concerning the control of human behavior: A symposium. Science, 1956, 124, 1057-66. (with C. R. Rogers [1])
  • What is psychotic behavior? In Theory and treatment of the psychoses: Some newer aspects. St. Louis: Committee on Publications, Washington University, 1956, pp. 77-99.

1957

  • Concurrent activity under fixed-interval reinforcement. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1957, 50, 279-81. (with W. H. Morse [2])
  • The experimental analysis of behavior. American Scientist, 1957, 45, 343-71.
  • The psychological point of view. In H. D. Kruse (Ed.), Integrating the approaches to mental disease. New York: Hoeber-Harper, 1957, pp. 130-33.
  • Schedules of reinforcement. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1957. (with C. B. Ferster [1])
  • A second type of superstition in the pigeon. American Journal of Psychology, 1957, 70, 308-11. (with W. H. Morse [1])
  • Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1957.

1958

  • Diagramming schedules of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1958, 1, 67-68.
  • Fixed-interval reinforcement of running in a wheel. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1958, 1, 371-79. (with W. H. Morse [2]) Reinforcement today. American Psychologist, 1958, 13, 94-99.
  • Some factors involved in the stimulus control of operant behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1958, 1, 103-107. (with W. H. Morse [1])
  • Sustained performance during the very long experimental sessions. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1958, 1, 235-44. (with W. H. Morse [2])
  • Teaching machines. Science, 1958, 128, 969-77.

1959

  • Animal research in the pharmacotherapy of mental disease. In J. Cole & R. Gerard (Eds.), Psychopharmacology: Problems in evaluation. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, 1959, pp. 224-28.
  • Cumulative record. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1959; Enlarged edition, 1961. Third edition, 1972.
  • The flight from the laboratory. In B. F. Skinner, Cumulative record. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1959, pp. 242-57.
  • John Broadus Watson, behaviorist. Science, 1959, 129, 197-98.
  • The programming of verbal knowledge. In E. Galanter (Ed.), Automatic teaching: The state of the art. New York: John Wiley, 1959, pp. 63-68.

1960

  • Concept formation in philosophy and psychology. In S. Hook (Ed.), Dimensions of mind: A symposium. New York: New York University Press, 1960, pp. 226-30.
  • Modem learning theory and some new approaches to teaching. In J. W. Gustad (Ed.), Faculty utilization and retention. Winchester, MA: New England Board of Higher Education, 1960, pp. 64-72.
  • Pigeons in a pelican. American Psychologist, 1960, 15, 28-37.
  • Special problems in programming language instruction for teaching machines. In F. J. Oinas (Ed.), Language teaching today. Bloomington: Indiana University Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, 1960, pp. 167-74.
  • Teaching machines. The Review of Economics and Statistics, August 1960 (Supplement), 42, 189-91.
  • The use of teaching machines in college instruction (Parts II-IV). In A. A. Lumsdaine & R. Glaser (Eds.), Teaching machines and programmed learning: A source book. Washington, DC: Department of Audio-Visual Instruction, National Education Association, 1960, pp. 159-72. (with J. G. Holland [2])

1961

  • The analysis of behavior: A program for self-instruction. New York: McGraw Hill, 1961. (with J. G. Holland [1])
  • The design of cultures. Daedalus, 1961, 90, 534-46.
  • Learning theory and future research. In J. Lysaught (Ed.), Programmed learning: Evolving principles and industrial applications. Ann Arbor: Foundation for Research on Human Behaviors, 1961, pp. 59-66.
  • Teaching machines. Scientific American, 1961, 205(11), 90-102.
  • The theory behind teaching machines. Journal of the American Society of Training Directors, July 1961, 15, 27-29.
  • Why we need teaching machines. Harvard Educational Review, 1961, 31, 377-98.

1962

  • Operandum. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1962, 5, 224.
  • Squirrel in the yard: Certain sciurine experiences of B. F. Skinner. Harvard Alumni Bulletin, 1962, 64, 642-45.
  • Technique for reinforcing either of two organisms with a single food magazine. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1962, 5, 58. (with G. S. Reynolds [1])
  • Two “synthetic social relations.” Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1962, 5, 531-33.
  • Verbal behavior. Encounter, November 1962, pp. 42-44. (with I. A. Richards [1])

1963

  • Behaviorism at fifty. Science, 1963, 140, 951-58.
  • A Christmas caramel, or, a plum from the hasty pudding. The Worm Runner’s Digest, 1963, 5(2), 42-46.
  • Conditioned and unconditioned aggression in pigeons. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1963, 6, 73-74. (with G. S. Reynolds [1] & A. C. Catania [2])
  • L’avenir des machines A enseigner. Psychologie Francaise, 1963, 8, 170-80.
  • Operant behavior. American Psychologist, 1963, 18, 503-15.
  • Reflections on a decade of teaching machines. Teachers College Record, 1963, 65, 168-77.
  • Reply to Thouless. Australian Journal of Psychology, 1963, 15, 92-93.

1964

  • “Man.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1964, 108, 482-85.
  • New methods and new aims in teaching. New Scientist, 1964, 122, 483-84.
  • On the relation between mathematical and statistical competence and significant scientific productivity. The Worm Runner’s Digest, 1964, 6(l), 15-17. (published under the pseudonym, F. Galtron Pennywhistle)

1965

  • Stimulus generalization in an operant: A historical note. In D. I. Mostofsky (Ed.), Stimulus generalization. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1965, pp. 193-209.
  • The technology of teaching. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 1965, 162, 427-43.
  • Why teachers fail. Saturday Review, October 16, 1965, pp. 80-81, 98-102.

1966

  • Conditioning responses by reward and punishment. Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 1966, 41, 48-51.
  • Contingencies of reinforcement in the design of a culture. Behavioral Science, 1966, 11, 159-66.
  • An operant analysis of problem solving. In B. Kleinmuntz (Ed.), Problem solving: Research, method, and theory. New York: John Wiley, 1966, pp. 225-57.
  • The phylogeny and ontogeny of behavior. Science, 1966, 153, 1205-13.
  • Some responses to the stimulus “Pavlov.” Conditional Reflex, 1966, 1, 74-78.
  • What is the experimental analysis of behavior? Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1966, 9, 213-18.

1967

  • B. F. Skinner … An autobiography. In E. G. Boring & G. Lindzey (Eds.), A history of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 5). New York: Appleton-CenturyCrofts,1967, pp. 387-413.
  • The problem of consciousness–a debate. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 1967, 2 7, 317-37. (with B. Blanshard [1])
  • Utopia through the control of human behavior. The Listener, January 12, 1967, pp. 55-56.
  • Visions of utopia. The Listener, January 5, 1967, pp. 22-23.

1968

  • The design of experimental communities. In International encyclopedia of the social sciences (Vol. 16). New York: Macmillan, 1968, pp. 271-75.
  • Development of methods of preparing materials for teaching machines. Alexandria, VA: Human Resources Research Office, George Washington University, 1968. (edited by L. M. Zook)
  • Handwriting with write and see. Chicago: Lyons & Carnahan, 1968. (with S. Krakower [2]; a series of manuals for teachers and students, grades 1 to 6)
  • The science of human behavior. In Twenty-five years at RCA laboratories 1942-1967. Princeton, NJ: RCA Laboratories, 1968, pp. 92-102.
  • Teaching science in high school–What is wrong? Science, 1968, 159, 704-10.
  • The technology of teaching. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1968.

1969

  • Contingencies of reinforcement: A theoretical analysis. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1969.
  • Contingency management in the classroom. Education, 1969, 90, 93-100.
  • Edwin Garrigues Boring. In The American Philosophical Society: Yearbook 1968.
  • Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1969, pp. 111-15.
  • The machine that is man. Psychology Today, April 1969, pp. 20-25, 60-63.

1970

  • Creating the creative artist. In A. J. Toynbee et al., On the future of art.
  • New York: Viking Press, 1970, pp. 61-75.

1971

  • Autoshaping. Science, 1971, 173, 752.
  • A behavioral analysis of value judgments. In E. Tobach, L. R. Aronson, & E. Shaw (Eds.), The biopsychology of development. New York: Academic Press, 1971, pp. 543-51.
  • Beyond freedom and dignity. New York: Knopf, 1971.
  • B. F. Skinner says what’s wrong with the social sciences. The Listener, September 30, 1971, pp. 429-31.
  • Humanistic behaviorism. The Humanist, May/June 1971, 31, 35.
  • Operant conditioning. In The encyclopedia of education, Vol. 7. New York: Macmillan and Free Press, 1971, pp. 29-33.

1972

  • Compassion and ethics in the care of the retardate. In B. F. Skinner, Cumulative record (3rd ed). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1972, pp. 283-91.
  • Freedom and dignity revisited. New York Times, August 11, 1972, p. 29.
  • Humanism and behaviorism. The Humanist, July/August 1972, 32, 18-20.
  • A lecture on “having a poem.” In B. F. Skinner, Cumulative record (3rd ed.). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1972, pp. 345-55.
  • Some relations between behavior modification and basic research. In B. F. Skinner, Cumulative record (3rd ed.). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1972, pp. 276-82.

1973

  • Answers for my critics. In H. Wheeler (Ed.), Beyond the punitive society. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1973, pp. 256-66.
  • Are we free to have a future? Impact, 1973, 3(l), 5-12. The free and happy student. New York University Education Quarterly, 1973, 4(2), 2-6.
  • Reflections on meaning and structure. In R. Brower, H. Vendler, & J. Hollander (Eds.), I. A. Richards: Essays in his honor. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973, pp. 199-209.
  • Some implications of making education more efficient. In C. E. Thoresen (Ed.), Behavior modification in education. Chicago: National Society for the Study of Education, 1973, pp. 446-56.
  • Walden (one) and Walden Two. The Thoreau Society Bulletin, Winter 1973, pp. 1-3.

1974

  • About behaviorism. New York: Knopf, 1974.
  • Designing higher education. Daedalus, 1974, 103, 196-202.

1975

  • Comments on Watt’s “B. F. Skinner and the technological control of social behavior.” The American Political Science Review, 1975, 69, 228-29.
  • The ethics of helping people. Criminal Law Bulletin, 1975, 11, 623-36.
  • The shaping of phylogenic behavior. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, 1975, 35, 409-15.
  • The steep and thorny way to a science of behaviour. In R. Harre (Ed.), Problems of scientific revolution: Progress and obstacles to progress in the sciences. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975, pp. 58-71.

1976

  • Farewell, my LOVELY! Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1976, 25, 218.
  • Particulars of my life. New York: Knopf, 1976.

1977

  • Between freedom and despotism. Psychology Today, September 1977, pp. 80-82, 84, 86, 90-91.
  • The experimental analysis of operant behavior. In R. W. Rieber & K. Salzinger (Eds.), The roots of American psychology: Historical influences and implications for the future (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 29 1). New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 1977, pp. 374-85.
  • The force of coincidence. In B. C. Etzel, J. M. LeBlanc, & D. M. Baer (Eds.), New developments in behavioral psychology: Theory, method, and application. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1977, pp. 3-6.
  • Freedom, at last, from the burden of taxation. New York Times, July 26, 1977, p. 29.
  • Herrnstein and the evolution of behaviorism. American Psychologist, 1977, 32, 1006-12.
  • Why I am not a cognitive psychologist. Behaviorism, 1977, 5, 1-10.

1978

  • Reflections on behaviorism and society. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1978.
  • Why don’t we use the behavioral sciences? Human Nature, March 1978, 1, 86-92.
  • A happening at the annual dinner of the Association for Behavioral Analysis, Chicago, May 15, 1978. The Behavior Analyst, 1979, 2(l), 30-33. (published anonymously)

1979

  • Le renforcateur arrange. Revue de modification du comportement, 1979, 9, 59-69. (translated into French by Raymond Beausoleil)
  • My experience with the baby-tender. Psychology Today, March 1979, pp. 28-31, 34, 37-38, 40. (an expanded excerpt from The Shaping of a Behaviorist [1979])
  • The shaping of a behaviorist: Part two of an autobiography. New York: Knopf, 1979.

1980

  • Notebooks. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980. (edited by R. Epstein)
  • Resurgence of responding after the cessation of response-independent reinforcement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1980, 77, 6251-53. (with R. Epstein [1])
  • The species-specific behavior of ethologists. The Behavior Analyst, 1980, 3(l), 51.
  • Symbolic communication between two pigeons. (Columba livia domestics). Science, 1980, 207, 543-45. (with R. Epstein [1] & R. P. Lanza [2])

1981

  • Charles B. Ferster–A personal memoir. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1981, 35, 259-61.
  • How to discover what you have to say–A talk to students. The Behavior Analyst, 1981, 4(l), 1-7.
  • Pavlov’s influence on psychology in America. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 1981, 17, 242-45.
  • Selection by consequences. Science, 1981, 213, 501-504.
  • “Self-awareness” in the pigeon. Science, 1981, 212, 695-96. (with R. Epstein [1] & R. P. Lanza [2])
  • The spontaneous use of memoranda by pigeons. Behaviour Analysis Letters, 1981, 1, 241-46. (with R. Epstein [1])

1982

  • Contrived reinforcement. The Behavior Analyst, 1982, 5, 3-8.
  • “I am most concerned. . . .” Psychology Today, May 1982, pp. 48-49. (part of “Understanding Psychological Man: A State-of-the-Science Report,” pp. 40-59)
  • “Lying” in the pigeon. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1982, 38, 201-203. (with R. P. Lanza [1] & J. Starr [2])
  • Skinner for the classroom. Champaign, IL: Research Press, 1982. (edited by R. Epstein)

1983

  • A better way to deal with selection. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1983,3, 377-78.
  • Can the experimental analysis of behavior rescue psychology? The Behavior Analyst, 1983, 6, 9-17.
  • Enjoy old age: A program of self management. New York: W. W. Norton, 1983. (with M. E. Vaughan [2])
  • Intellectual self-management in old age. American Psychologist, 1983, 38, 239-44.
  • A matter of consequences: Part three of an autobiography. New York: Knopf, 1983.

1984

  • Canonical papers of B. F. Skinner. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1984,
  • 7, 473-724. (edited by A. C. Catania & S. Harnad, with numerous commentators; reprinted in book form under the title, The selection of consequences: The operant behaviorism of B. F. Skinner: Comments and consequences [New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988])
  • The evolution of behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1984, 41, 217-21.
  • The shame of American education. American Psychologist, 1984, 39, 947-54.

1985

  • Cognitive science and behaviourism. British Journal of Psychology, 1985, 76, 291-301.
  • News from nowhere, 1984. The Behavior Analyst, 1985, 8, 5-14.
  • Reply to Place: “Three senses of the word ‘tact.'” Behaviorism, 1985, 13, 75-76.
  • Toward the cause of peace: What can psychology contribute? In S. Oskamp (Ed.), International conflict and national public policy issues (Applied Social Psychology Annual 6). Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1985, pp. 21- 25.

1986

  • B. F. Skinner [“The books that have been most important. . .”]. In C. M. Devine, C. M. Dissel, & K. D. Parrish (Eds.), The Harvard guide to influential books: 113 distinguished Harvard professors discuss the books that have helped to shape their thinking. New York: Harper & Row, 1986, pp. 233-34.
  • The evolution of verbal behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1986, 45, 115-22.
  • Programmed instruction revisited. Phi Delta Kappan, 1986, 68, 103-10.
  • Sleeping in peace. Free Inquiry, Summer 1986, 6, 57.
  • Some thoughts about the future. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 1986, 45, 229-35.
  • What is wrong with daily life in the western world? American Psychologist, 1986, 41, 568-74.

1987

  • A humanist alternative to A. A.’s Twelve Steps. The Humanist, July/August 1987, 47, 5.
  • Outlining a science of feeling. The Times Literary Supplement, May 8, 1987, pp. 490, 501-502.
  • A thinking aid. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1987, 20, 379-80.
  • Upon further reflection. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.
  • What religion means to me. Free Inquiry, Spring 1987, 7, 12-13.
  • Whatever happened to psychology as the science of behavior? American Psychologist, 1987, 42, 780-86.

1988

  • A fable. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 1988, 6, 1-2. Genes and behavior. In G. Greenberg & E. Tobach (Eds.), Evolution of social behavior and integrative levels. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988, pp.77-83.
  • The operant side of behavior therapy. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1988, 19, 171-79.
  • Signs and countersigns. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1988, 11, 466-67. A statement on punishment. APA Monitor, June 1988, p. 22.
  • War, peace, and behavior analysis: Some comments. Behavior Analysis and Social Action, 1988, 6, 57-58.

1989

  • The behavior of organisms at fifty. In B. F. Skinner, Recent issues in the analysis of behavior. Columbus, OH: Merrill, 1989, pp. 121-35.
  • The behavior of the listener. In S. C. Hayes (Ed.), Rule-govemed behavior: Cognition, contingencies, and instructional control. New York: Plenum Press, 1989, pp. 85-96.
  • The initiating self. In B. F. Skinner, Recent issues in the analysis of behavior. Columbus, OH: Merrill, 1989, pp. 27-33.
  • The origins of cognitive thought. American Psychologist, 1989, 44, 13-18.
  • Recent issues in the analysis of behavior. Columbus, OH: Merrill, 1989.
  • The school of the future. In B. F. Skinner, Recent issues in the analysis of behavior. Columbus, OH: Merrill, 1989, pp. 85-96.

1990

  • Can psychology be a science of mind? American Psychologist, 1990, 45, 1206-10.
  • The non-punitive society. Japanese Journal of Behavior Analysis, 1990, 5, 98-106.
  • To know the future. The Behavior Analyst, 1990, 13, 103-106. (published concurrently in C. Fadiman [Ed.], Living philosophies: The reflections of some eminent men and women of our time. New York: Doubleday, 1990, pp. 193-99)

1993

  • A world of our own. Behaviorology, 1993, 1, 3-5.